And this blog seems to be turning into a weather moaning thing, and with good reason – the rain has gone, the temperature is too hot and yet I have not had a single night that has been any good for imaging. Broken cloud, haze and high altitude wispy stuff, in short rubbish. On the “every cloud has a silver lining” side of things, beside astrophotography my other hobby is bee keeping, and the bee’s have been loving this non astro weather, they have swarmed twice – one main swarm and one small cast. Both of these swarms I have luckily been around to rehive them, after collecting the swarm, I prefer to let the bee’s walk into their new home – by puting a cotton cloth covered board leant up against the entrance to the new hive and pouring out the bee’s onto the base of the board, the bee’s will instantly start to walk up the board and into their home, this way you can keep a look out for the queen ( big long fat tapered bottom and long legs ) as she makes her grand entrance. The main big swarm however decided to decamp on a day that I was attempting to remove honey from the hive, so it turned out to be a long hot day wearing a full bee suit – the outcome of this is that I have gone from one hive to three and extracted over 60lbs of honey and lost a few pounds in sweat to boot. So I’m at the moment looking onwards, but not however upwards.
More than two weeks have passed with no imaging being done or even the remotest thought of attempting to image because the weather just won’t allow for it, clouds, rain ( the wettest June on record ) and wind but mostly cloud. When I was a kid, I would be outside all the time in the summer because it was hot and sunny, spending the evenings outside in the garden with my Tasco 60mm refractor looking at the stars, moon and planets, I would stay up all night tucked into a sleeping bag on a camp bed watching the perseid meteor shower moon or not – every year, and in the winter, the cold crisp frosts would not stop me going out with my telescope under clear star filled skies. Now the sky is just, well not to put too fine a point on it, it’s Crap and getting worse. Global warming is real, anyone can see it is – if they can be bothered. When extremes of weather are the norm, if you ask me it’s already too late to do anything about it.
I finally got around to capturing the Green ,Blue and Luminance data needed to process M51, the Whirlpool galaxy, I did not get a chance to capture the Ha data, this can be added later, that’s the beauty of digital imaging, you can always add more data.
This colour image is created by combining ( I use Photoshop ) the previously captured Red image data with the following Green and Blue images, these are added to the colour channels of a new image of the same height and width, this provides the colour image, the Luminance data provides the detail and is added as a luminance layer.
Up until last night, I have only used narrow band filters with my ZWO asi1600mm Pro Monochrome camera, mainly because during the winter months the majority of imaging is of nebulous objects, with the milkyway high overhead there is a vast number of these deep sky targets to choose from – now that the long nights are over, it’s the turn of the galaxies to occupy the imagers time. However narrow band imaging shows little on these distant islands of stars, only Ha really picks out the star forming regions and then only on the closer galaxies, this means that galaxy imaging is done with wideband filters, Red, Green and Blue, I decided to image M51 the Whirlpool galaxy in the constellation of Canes Venatici, below the handle of the Big Dipper, changing from my narrow band filter wheel to my colour filter wheel only took a few minutes, however the focus position was way off – luckily it was outward focus travel that was required as my narrow band filter focus position leaves me with only 2.5mm of inward focuser travel remaining. I managed 45 x 300 second exposures giving me 3.75 hours worth of data with the red filter. I now need to do the same with the green and blue filters and combine the three mono images in Photoshop to create a colour image, I will then use the Ha filter for the star forming regions and add this data to the image followed by a luminance for detail. The forecast looks good again for tonight, when I’ll use the green filter – this is the only disadvantage to using a mono camara, you have to use multiple filters to create a colour image but the result is far better than using a colour camera alone.
It’s been a while since my last post, nearly 4 weeks in fact – a combination of poor weather and other commitments including going away in the campervan to Cornwall when we had that glorious 4 day bank holiday weekend has kept me out of the observatory, I could hardly say to my better half, sorry dearest we’re not going away this bank holiday – the weather is just too good. Anyway I have finally done some imaging, addmitedly over a couple of nights and on a very dim target – PK219 + 31.1 or Abell 31 or Sharpless 290 – this is a very dim and ancient planetary nebula in the constellation of Cancer it is slightly larger than M27 the Dumbell nebula ( mag 7.5 ), though much much dimmer at mag 12.2. The image below is the culmination of two nights imaging, totaling 5 hours exposure time ( 30 x 600 sec ) in Ha, to be honest I think that 2 or 3 times as long is needed, it is brighter in OIII but that will have to wait until there is no moon around.
I also took the opportunity to check if my collimation efforts were any good or not, I centered the telescope on Pollux, β Gemini the brightest star in that constelletion and took a 60 second exposure, thankfully the collimation I did on the 8 inch RC was nearly spot on with only very small adjustment required. the exposure showed that while the stars in the image are round in all four corners, the vignette or uneven illumination was slightly off centered to the left of the image and only very minor adjustments to the secondary mirror is needed, the two bright patches to the right edge of the image is Amp glow from the camera sensor this would normally be removed with dark frame subtraction when processing.
This Uncentered vignette is only a problem if a bright star is in the field of view ( otherwise it is removed by subtracting flat frames ) as there are none around PK219 I’ll leave the final adjustment to a later date, below is the same image with a gradient map applied to make it easier to see, lots of clear skies needed, fingers crossed.
Just typical, I re-collimate my main imaging telescope and ever since then the weather has been typically British for April, clouds and rain. The forecast for the coming week is not good with more of the same unfortunately. The days are getting longer and the period of astronomical darkness ( when the sun is more than 18° below the horizon ) is getting shorter, Orion is pretty much out of view for me now so I’ll have to wait till later in the year to get more data on M42. However I want to get a closer look at the Leo triplet of spiral galaxies M65, M66, and NGC 3628 – at my telescopes native f8 focal length, come on blue skies.
After discovering that my 8 inch RC was out of collimation ( read previous post ) I thought I’d run through the steps needed to re-align the two mirrors. The first thing to do is to dismantle the focuser end of the telescope to gain access to the primary mirror, this was because when I washed the mirror I had to remove the centre light baffle tube – this has a thin rubber O ring that needs to be seated correctly on the baffle, if not then the mirror will not be secured in place properly and will have a certain amount of play.
Remove the top and bottom Losmandy plates and the Radius blocks from the focuser end only, undo the two remaining cross head screws and gently lift of the mirror housing, do not drop and place on a flat surface. Unscrew the centre baffle tube counter clockwise and check the rubber O ring ( do not touch the mirror ), it has to be sat in the groove and not on the threaded portion of the tube. Re-assemble the telescope in reverse order.
The Howie Glatter laser collimator I use is quite expensive costing about £200 with attachments, but it is the only reliable method to collimate these RC scopes because of the two Hyperbolic mirrors, Newtonian telescopes on the other hand have a concave primary and a flat secondary. Now the safety bit, Never look directly at the laser beam or eye damage and blindness may result.
Insert the collimator into the focuser and only just slightly tighten the focuser thumbscrews so that it turns freely in the focuser without being loose. using the tight beam attachment that screws into the end of the laser, get the red laser dot of light onto the secondary mirror centre spot ( it marks the centre of the secondary mirror and is essentialy a paper disc with a hole in the middle just like a ring binder reinforcing ring. do this by adjusting the primary mirror collimation screws ( there are three sets of two screws and work in a push/pull fasion ) only make small adjustments to get the laser on the spot, this can be seen from the front of the telescope and looking at the reflection of the secondary in the primary.
When you have the laser in the centre of the spot or ring, you then look at the reflected laser spot and see where it falls on the white disc at the end of the laser, you will probably see two red dots this indicates the misalignment of the secondary to the primary, move the outer red dot to cover the centre red dot by making small adjustments to the secondary collimation screws arranged in a triangle around a larger centre screw.
When this is done it’s time to change the laser attachment to the Holographic ring projector, this as the name suggests projects a series of concentric rings down the telescope tube to the secondary mirror, these are then reflected back onto the primary and then out of the end of the scope tube and onto a white surface ( a wall or large piece of white card, or in my case the side of my fridge ) this is for fine adjustment to get the rings concentric with the shadow of the secondary in the middle of the rings, the actual proccess will take two or three iterations of the above procedure until finally no adjustment is needed and you can swap between the dot and the circle attachments and the laser spot will be on the secondary centre spot and projected circles will be concentric.
Only fine adjustments are needed and the proccess can be time consuming and also frustrating as these telescopes seem to be on the tipping point of going out of alignment, especialy if you forget where you were in the procedure. Lets hope I got it right, you can only know when you take an image, any remaining misalignment will be instantly obvious as the stars in each corner will be different shapes.
After getting home from work on Monday evening I decided that I had to do some imaging, after all it’s not often that the sky is clear at the same time that the moon is out of the way. I also figured that I could set it all up start imaging and get a good few hours worth of data together before going to bed. So I rolled the observatory roof back to equalise the temperature and cool the telescope down quickly to ambient, while this was going on I got all the software running making sure that the USB connections were ok, USB connectivity in an outdoors enviroment is about the only problem that I have, any issues is usually solved by disconecting and then plugging the USB back in again. When it was dark enough I went through a 1 star alignment ( this is good enough as I plate solve the image and then sync the mount co-ordinates, RA and DEC from the result ) and took a few focusing shots, that’s when I noticed something more problematic than a dodgy USB connection, the star image was clearly wrong and that the telescope was out of collimation by quite a lot – that’s when I started calling myself a few choice names for being such a pillock. The telescope was out of collimation because the week before I took it apart to clean the main ( or primary ) mirror that was quite dirty and when I put it back together again I never checked and re-collimated the optical path, even a small misalignment between the primary and secondary mirror will cause the stars to be mishaped when imaging, it’s even more pronounced in a RC ( Ritchey Chretien ) telescope. So that was that, no imaging until the collimation is done.
I did however take one image a single shot of the star Regulus, Alpha Leonis, this image shows clearly the only issue with the ZWO asi1600mm Pro camera and that is the lack of an Anti-Reflection ( AR ) coating on the cover glass of the camera sensor, made by Panasonic and used by ZWO in this camera model.
The strange pattern around the star is the reflection between the protective cover glass over the sensor and the micro lenses over each pixel of the camera sensor, come on Panasonic what were you thinking, AR coatings is pretty well standard on any optical equipment even camera sensors.
Last night, I managed to make it to the March meeting of the Crewkerne and District Astronomical Society, and I’m glad I did. The guest speaker was none other than Dr Carl Murray, who is based at the Queen Mary University of London. In 1990 Carl was selected as a member of the camera team for the NASA/ESA Cassini mission to Saturn. Naturaly enough the talk was about the Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft and its mission to the jewel of the solar system, what can I say other than the talk was fantastic and if your club wants a really good speaker who won’t bore you with fact and figures, then don’t hesitate to book him.
The image of Saturn’s solar eclipse was only made possible when Cassini’s safety systems was bypassed, allowing the camera to be pointed in the direction of the Sun, and yes that little blue dot is Earth.
After Carl had finished, Bob Mizon gave us his object of the month, the star Alpha Hydrae or Alphard, ( the snakes heart ) in the constallation of Hydra. Of particularly interest was Bobs explanation of the mythology behind Hydra and why it has a crow and an urn on its back.
A few club members – including myself, showed our images we have managed to take with the poor weather we have had to suffer recently, My favourite was Bud Martin Budzynski’s lunar images taken with a C11 and a Point Grey, Flea 3 Camera.
I’m looking forward to the next meeting, the talk will be by Bob Mizon – Solar System Alphabet, now that will be good.
Clear night skies, just what the doctor ordered – but I’m still unable to do any imaging, the reason for my lack of imaging is purely down to wind. Gusts of up to 50mph put paid to any chance of setting up the guiding calibration in PHD2 never mind imaging, when it is windy the telescope acts as a sail and gets buffeted about no matter how beefy your mount is and if you forgo the calibration setup in PHD2 and use your previous calibration which is normally ok if your pointing to same area of sky as before, then when the telescope and guidscope gets nudged by the wind PHD2 will try to correct for an error that has nothing to do with guiding and before you know it, you have a series of over corrections that sets up an uncontrollable oscillation in the guiding. The larger the telescope the more surface area it has and the more pronounced the effect of wind is, so it makes sense when it is windy to use a smaller scope, but I have set up the 8 inch RC, all balanced and aligned with the guidscope and I did not want to upset this setup because I want to image the Leo triplet in more detail at the next opportunity, I’ll just have to wait.